The First World War ended on November 11, 1918, and was also known as the “Great War” and “World War to End All Wars.” The ceasefire is a formal agreement to end the fighting. The First World War ended because the Germans were in fact struggling with money, soldiers, food and war equipment. On 21 March 1918, Germany launched its offensive attack against British troops. The last German attack was on 15 July 1918. The last Allied power headed for the German border on 17 October 1918. The alliance of central power is collapsing. On November 9, 1918, Emperor William II was forced to cross the border into the Netherlands. But before November 1918, when Russia was involved in a civil war, its former allies were worried about Bolshevik ambitions. The new independent countries of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania have also expressed concern and called on allied governments to provide support. In Britain, ideas of aid were counterbalanced by the fear of being drawn into a foreign conflict, with further loss of life. The ceasefire agreement stipulated that German troops in the Baltics should remain in the region as a precaution against Bolshevism. After the ceasefire, the number of Allied troops in the region increased. The reasons for this commitment had changed, but they were still on the verge of losing lives.
The leaders of the Bundeswehr called on the government to stop. Emperor William, the ruler of Germany, resigned on 9 November 1918. In the fall of 1918, Germany and its allies realized that it was no longer possible to win the war. Fighters alongside Germany began to withdraw from the war and in early November Germany fought alone. Two days later, Germany signed the ceasefire and the weapons were silent. The fighting ended at 11 a.m. on the eleventh day of the eleventh month. Every year, we remember that the guns of the First World War stopped firing on November 11, 1918 at 11 a.m. We expect that the general relief of the massacre of war will finally be over, at least in the victorious countries.
The ceasefire was concluded at 5:10 a.m. on November 11 and was scheduled to take effect at 11 a.m. The message was delivered in one hour across Europe. The initial ceasefire was for a period of 36 days after which it had to be renewed. This happened four times before the signing of the Treaty of Versaille. The only problem is that the war did not end on November 11 at 11 a.m. New weapons and technologies have been used to allow for new fighting that has caused destruction on a scale never seen before. After the election, Wilson tried to mediate between the belligerent alliances. The attempt failed.
In a speech earlier in January 1917, the President called for a “peace without victory and peace between equals” that neither side would speak harshly.