European Community Aviation Agreements

A similar system will be concluded with the Mediterranean partner countries in the field of air transport. The Euro-Mediterranean Air Services Agreement (EMAA) was signed on 12 December 2006 with the Kingdom of Morocco[8], on 15 December 2010 with the Kingdom of Jordan[9] and on 10 June 2013 with Israel. [10] These EMAA agreements are in force. This work aims to remove legal uncertainty and ensure the continuity of bilateral SAAs and the development of international air services. The alignment of existing bilateral agreements with EU law is also important for the third countries concerned and for the entire air transport sector, including airlines, users, etc. Therefore, this objective must be achieved effectively and within a reasonable period of time. The European Common Aviation Area (ECAA) is an internal market for air services. From a legal point of view, the “open skies” judgments meant that EU Member States could no longer act in isolation when negotiating international air agreements. International negotiations on air transport are now taking place in close cooperation and coordination between the European Commission and eu Member States. The third pillar of the EU`s external aviation policy is the opening of targeted negotiations with a view to reaching global agreements in the main regions of the world, with a view to market access and enhancing the prospects for fair competition in the most dynamic world markets, while contributing to the reform of international civil aviation and the promotion of European rules and European industry. Some traditions of international air transport regulation, dating back to 1944, were contrary to the principles of the established air transport market in Europe.

While traditionally every international airline should have a certain nationality, the EU has developed, in recent decades, an internal market in which nationals of an EU Member State can invest, set up and control airlines authorised in any other EU Member State. The term “EU air carrier” has been reinforced by the fact that airlines are established and authorised in the EU under the same rules and can operate any route within the EU. High standards will be maintained and improved by common rules on key issues such as licensing, security and protection. The agreements negotiated by the European Commission on behalf of the EU and its Member States are not limited to the so-called “open skies” models, which involve a simple opening of markets: the EU model also aims to introduce a process of liberalisation of airline ownership and a process of regulatory convergence in terms of safety and security. Competition, environment, passenger protection, work, etc. – which could not be achieved at national level. For more information and figures on eu-Western Balkan air relations and air transport in the EU in general, see the Atlas of the Sky. (3) Conclusion of air agreements with important strategic partners – Global agreements with global partners. . .


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