See z.B. Louis Henkin, Human Rights Treaty Series: The Ghost of Senator Bricker, 89 am. J. Int`l L. 341, 343-44 (1995) (arguing that RUDs that are frustrated by the ability of the United States to fully fulfill its obligations under certain human rights treaties through existing national law render treaties unnecessary and incompatible with their objective and purpose); Fourth recast: project 2, a. O. 28, § 105 cmt. 3 (“R]eservations are more generally prohibited by international law if they are “incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty”. (referring to the Vienna Convention, footnote 13, Article 19(c)). Despite the complexity of national self-doctrine, treaties and other international agreements operate in a dual international and national legal context.126 In the international context, international agreements have traditionally been binding treaties between sovereign nations and create rights and obligations that nations owe to each other under international law.127 how it implements its contractual agreement. 128 The doctrine of self-execution concerns the implementation of a treaty provision in the United States. 129 When a treaty is ratified or an executive agreement is concluded, the United States acquires obligations under international obligations, independent of its self-performance, and it may be in arrears in its obligations, unless implementing provisions are adopted.130 s for the purposes of its national application, ==. .